Sakhalia Net Graphics Division
Get another song
Baykal Acceptance of cookies

Articles List

Search keyword in field

Categories: and

Order results by:
166 records found on category [20th Century]
The pride of the Kriegsmarine by Sakhal

[fl][b]Admiral Graf Spee[/b][/fl][p] [b]The Versailles Treaty forced Germany to limit the normal displacement of its warships to 10,160 tonnes, with a maximum caliber of 280 millimeters for their armament. However, according to the experience acquired du...

[ Date: 2020-11-05 | Length: 57 Kb | Update: Never ]
The Soviet Navy - Aircraft carriers by Sakhal

[fl][i]In the 1980s, the whole strike capability of the Soviet naval aviation was represented by the land-based bombers of the Naval Air Force. The standard model of naval bomber was the Tu-16 "Badger", of which about 250 units remained in service. The la...

[ Date: 2020-10-04 | Length: 20 Kb | Update: Never ]
The Soviet Navy - Surface ships by Sakhal

[fl][i]It was habitual in the classification made on books to place the Soviet warships of the size of cruisers in the same row than the American CG (guided-missile cruiser). However, none of those Soviet ships had been designed for providing an area of d...

[ Date: 2020-10-04 | Length: 29 Kb | Update: Never ]
The Soviet Navy - Submarines by Sakhal

[fl][i]The SSGN denomination corresponds to those submarines moved by nuclear energy and armed with non-nuclear guided missiles, in contrast with the SSBN, submarines which launch ballistic missiles. The SSN denomination corresponds to nuclear-powered att...

[ Date: 2020-10-04 | Length: 25 Kb | Update: Never ]
The Soviet Navy - SLBM by Sakhal

[fl][i]The submarines which carry intercontinental ballistic missiles constitute the main threat against those strategic targets deemed as unprotected, namely, cities and industrial areas of a potential enemy. However, the precision of these missiles is i...

[ Date: 2020-10-04 | Length: 14 Kb | Update: Never ]
Anti-submarine tactics in the First World War by Sakhal

[fl][i]In the spring of 1917, the offensive of the U-boat reached its peak point, threatening with forcing England to starvation. However, the development of anti-submarine weapons, such as depth charges, and the adoption of defensive tactics, particularl...

[ Date: 2019-09-11 | Length: 24 Kb | Update: 2020-09-05 ]
M1 Abrams main battle tank by Sakhal

For knowing more details about the initial development and characteristics of the M1 Abrams main battle tank, you can visit the article [a]articles/sakhal/chrysler_m-1_main_battle_tank.php[*a]Chrysler M-1 main battle tank[/a].[p] [fl][b]Background[/b][/f...

[ Date: 2019-02-27 | Length: 20 Kb | Update: Never ]
Chrysler M-1 main battle tank by Sakhal

The 1st August 1963 the North American and German governments signed an agreement for the joint development of a tank called MBT-70. Each country formed its own work team and quickly they began to work on the new tank, being completed the first prototypes...

[ Date: 2019-02-26 | Length: 16 Kb | Update: Never ]
Gigantic artillery of the Third Reich by Sakhal

[b][fl]280-millimeter Kanone 5 [E][/fl][/b][p] The Allied troops that the 22nd January 1944 landed in Anzio had not thought that the German resistance would be so tenacious. There has been controversy about the behavior of General Lucas, about how Operat...

[ Date: 2018-11-22 | Length: 16 Kb | Update: 2020-12-07 ]
Fire control systems of main battle tanks by Sakhal

During long time, the aiming of tank-mounted cannons was effectuated through a telescope coupled to them. The gunner used manual controls to align the crosshair, and hence the cannon, against the target. This required a constant training and to fire many ...

[ Date: 2018-03-24 | Length: 10 Kb | Update: 2018-12-29 ]
Optics and electronics for tanks by Sakhal

Primitive tanks were almost blind. Vision was effectuated through narrow peepholes protected by crystal blocks and rudimentary periscopes whose mirrors were polished metal plates, for crystal mirrors crashed very easily. Technology allowed to remedy t...

[ Date: 2018-03-18 | Length: 33 Kb | Update: Never ]
Leopard II main battle tank by Sakhal

The great tension accumulated between the western and eastern defensive blocks in the 1950s and 1960s led the German strategists to undertake the development of a very advanced tank, designed to stop an hypothetical invasion from the East. With such p...

[ Date: 2018-03-12 | Length: 24 Kb | Update: 2018-03-19 ]
FV 4030 Challenger I main battle tank by Sakhal

In 1974 Iran ordered 125 Shir 1 and 1225 Shir 2 to the Royal Ordnance Factory of Leeds. The Shir 1 was actually a latest model of the Chieftain, already in service in large numbers in Iran, fitted with a new propulsion plant constituted by a Rolls-Royce 1...

[ Date: 2018-03-07 | Length: 11 Kb | Update: 2018-12-29 ]
Increase of the combat capability of the Leopard 2 by Sakhal

In the last years of the Cold War, facing the combat capability of the Leopard 2 rose the growing threat of the Warsaw Pact tanks, and not only because of the numbers, but also because of the notorious increase in quality, for the range and effects of the...

[ Date: 2018-01-28 | Length: 21 Kb | Update: Never ]
AMX-56 Leclerc main battle tank by Sakhal

Note: the following historical information about the AMX-56 Leclerc corresponds to the year 2000. Exclusive detailed information about the first prototype of this tank and associated electronic devices can be seen in the article AMX Leclerc - Main...

[ Date: 2017-12-25 | Length: 17 Kb | Update: 2018-01-29 ]
AMX Leclerc - Main battle tank for the year 2000 by Sakhal

Coming from GIAT (Groupement Industriel des Armaments Terrestres), the AMX Leclerc is the latest French development of a main battle tank, destined to serve with the French Army from the 1990s. At that time it should replace the AMX-30B2, which had to...

[ Date: 2017-12-24 | Length: 19 Kb | Update: 2017-12-25 ]
Kalashnikov assault rifles by Sakhal

In 1944 the Germans introduced a rifle calibrated for a new cartridge of lesser power, capable of being fired in full automatic mode. This "assault rifle" very soon proved to be superior to any previous design and after the war the British and the Soviet ...

[ Date: 2017-12-20 | Length: 19 Kb | Update: 2017-12-20 ]
Japanese tanks of the Cold War by Sakhal

After the parentheses of the immediate postwar, Japan reorganized its Army as part of the Self-Defense Forces. Despite the constitutional and political limitations, the Japanese industry of armored means produced during the Cold War vehicles comparabl...

[ Date: 2016-09-27 | Length: 14 Kb | Update: Never ]
Japanese tanks of the Second World War by Sakhal

The Japanese Armed Forces were traditionally characterized by the duplicity of weapons in the Navy and the Army. Each of them had its own Artillery, Infantry, Cavalry and Armored Corps, which in the end was detrimental for the quality, largely thanks ...

[ Date: 2016-09-25 | Length: 20 Kb | Update: Never ]
The Samokhodnaya Ustanovka by Sakhal

During the Russo-German conflict the Soviet engineers, with their magnific T-34, pointed the way to follow on tank design to their German counterparts. But it is not less true that they would have to learn from the Germans as well. Indeed, they were u...

[ Date: 2016-09-22 | Length: 19 Kb | Update: Never ]
The fate of the Scharnhorst by Sakhal

[fl][b]The Tirpitz and the Scharnhorst in Norway[/b][/fl][p] Since the beginning of the war Adolf Hitler did not show great sympathy toward Grand Admiral Erich Raeder, the supreme chief of the Kriegsmarine. He disliked, especially, the sympathy of Raeder...

[ Date: 2016-09-20 | Length: 35 Kb | Update: 2020-10-30 ]
The modern escort warship by Sakhal

The Task Forces of the United States Navy have their antimissile, antiaircraft and antisubmarine defense entrusted to the Ticonderoga-class cruisers (CG-47 onwards) and the Arleigh Burke- class destroyers (DDG-51 onwards), polyvalent ships provided wit...

[ Date: 2016-05-26 | Length: 18 Kb | Update: Never ]
Bismarck and Prinz Eugen by Sakhal

[fl][b]Introduction[/b][/fl][p] The 18th May 1941, a combat group formed by two splendid and modern warships, the battleship Bismarck and the heavy cruiser Prinz Eugen, departed from the military port of Gotehafen to start the Operation Rheinubung, a rai...

[ Date: 2015-10-21 | Length: 36 Kb | Update: 2020-10-30 ]
The fate of the Admiral Graf Spee by Sakhal

[fl][b]The corsair campaign[/b][/fl][p] The Admiral Graf Spee left the shipyard in Wilhelmshaven the 21st August 1939, the same day of the signing in Moscow of the German-Russian Pact. About two weeks remained for the beginning of the war but Hitler had ...

[ Date: 2015-10-19 | Length: 34 Kb | Update: 2020-10-30 ]
Hornet and Chokai - Two faces of Guadalcanal by Sakhal

USS Hornet After the Japanese attack against Pearl Harbor, the American public opinion, despite having reacted with indignation, was still shocked. To this contributed the fact that Japan was very far and the average citizen did not see clearly how t...

[ Date: 2015-10-17 | Length: 13 Kb | Update: 2015-10-19 ]