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All Steam/Diesel/Electric Locomotives Timeline (1800-1990)

Steam - Electric - Diesel - Petrol
British engineer Richard Trevithick creates the first steam engine capable of moving while towing a load. Locomotive manufactured by Trevithick, 1803
1804 Penydarren 0-4-0 1804
Richard Trevithick wins a bet when his machine "Tram Waggon" tows a convoy weighing over 25 tonnes, traveling at a speed of four kilometers per hour.
1808 Catch Me Who Can 0-4-0 1808
Richard Trevithick presents in London his machine called "Catch me who can"; his intention is to profit from his machine in a sort of steam circus installed by him, but the project fails in this regard.
1812 Prince Regent 1812
1813 Puffing Billy 0-4-0 1813
British engineer John Blenkinsop creates a gear and rack railway in the attempt to solve the problems related to adherence on the rails. Locomotive manufactured by Blenkinsop, 1812
British manufacturer William Hedley finishes a locomotive which solves the problems of adherence by setting an appropriate relation between the weight of the locomotive and that of the load which it tows; weighing eight tonnes, she is capable of towing a load of 50 tonnes at a speed of eight kilometers per hour. British engineer George Stephenson builds his first steam locomotive, which weighing six tonnes is capable of towing a convoy of 30 wagons at a speed of 6.5 kilometers per hour. Locomotive manufactured by Hedley, 1814
1822 Hetton Colliery 0-4-0 1822
1825 Locomotion 0-4-0 1825
The first railway line made on purpose for passenger transport is inaugurated in England, with a locomotive (called "Locomotion") built by engineer George Stephenson, connecting Darlington with Stockton. The French Marc Seguin and the British George Stephenson create the first tubular boilers. The first passenger train service, 1825
In United States, engineer Gridley Bryant carries out a project for a railway connecting the Neponset River with Quincy City but, unlike in England, the traction is effectuated by horses, the rails are still made of wood with a metallic cover and granite is transported instead of passengers.
1827 Royal George 0-6-0 1827
1828 Lancashire Witch 0-4-0 1828
The first railway line built in France and continental Europe starts service, transporting coal from the mines in Saint-Étienne to Andrézieux in the Loire River by means of animal traction.
1829 Stourbridge Lion 0-4-0 1829 Agenoria 0-4-0 1829 Novelty 0-4-0T 1829 Rocket 1829 Sans Pareil 0-4-0 1829
The first steam locomotive of America, built by George Stephenson and called precisely "America", arrives to United States in January.
1830 Best Friend of Charleston 0-4-0T 1830 Tom Thumb 0-2-2 1830 Invicta 0-4-0 1830 Northumbrian 0-2-2 1830 Planet 2-2-0 1830
First public railway in United States, the Baltimore-Ohio line, carried out by the locomotive "Tom Pouce". The Baltimore & Ohio Railroad starts operating as the first scheduled line for transporting passengers and freight. The locomotive "Tom Thumb" races against a horse along the Baltimore-Relay line in Maryland... and loses. The locomotive "Best Friend of Charleston" tows the first passenger convoy in United States. The locomotive "Rocket" built by George and Robert Stephenson wins a contest against other manufacturers in occasion of the opening of the railway line Liverpool-Manchester, which starts postal service that same year. French engineer Marc Seguin finishes the railway line between Saint Étienne and Lyon. Locomotive Tom Thumb, 1830 Locomotive Rocket, 1830
1831 Dewitt Clinton 0-4-0 1831 Stevens 0-4-0 1831
1832 Experiment 4-2-0 1832
First railway lines in France operating with steam locomotives. Locomotive of the Baltimore & Ohio Day, 1832
1834 Vauxhall 2-2-0 1834
1835 Adler 2-2-2 1835
Belgium inaugurates its first railway line, connecting Brussels with Mechelen. Germany inaugurates its first railway line, connecting Nuremberg with Furth; this line operates with a locomotive built by Stephenson, called "Eagle", and a machinist imported from England as well.
1836 Dorchester 0-4-0 1836
Canada inaugurates its first railway line, connecting La Prairie with Saint Johns. The first sleeping cars are introduced in Pennsylvania. Russia inaugurates its first railway line, connecting Paulovsk with Konzimin.
1837 Campbells 4-4-0 1837 Lafayette 4-2-0 1837 Bury 2-2-0 1837
The company established by Matthias W. Baldwille in Philadelphia produces 80 locomotives in just one year. Inauguration of the railway line connecting Paris with Saint Germain. Austria inaugurates its first railway line, connecting Florisdorf with Wagram.
1838 Lion_0-4-2_1838
The first "postal office on wheels" enters service in the railway line connecting London with Liverpool.
1839 Samson 0-6-0 1839
Netherlands inaugurates its first railway line, connecting Haarlem with Amsterdam. Italy inaugurates its first railway line, connecting Naples with Portici; for this occasion three locomotives are imported from England, one of them named "Bayard" after the French company which built the railroad. Locomotive Bayard, 1839
1840 Fire Fly 2-2-2 1840
Improvement of the performance of steam engines thanks to the Clapeyron system. Italy inaugurates its second railway line, connecting Milan with Monza.
1841 Leo 2-4-0 1841 Borsig 4-2-2 1841
Thomas Cook organizes the first railway excursion.
The locomotive "Papin", devised by engineer Tourasse, enters service in the line between Saint-Étienne and Lyon.
Thomas Russell Crampton builds the first locomotive fitted with rear driving wheels of large diameter. France completes the railway line between Paris and Rouen. Locomotive manufactured by Norris, 1843
William Turner paints "Rain, steam and speed", the first painting of railway theme.
1845 Columbine 2-2-2 1845
1846 Coppernob 0-4-0 1846
The railroad gauge adopted by George Stephenson (1435 millimeters) is officially accepted in Great Britain. Locomotive manufactured by Norris, 1846
1847 Cornwall 2-2-2 1847 Iron Duke 4-2-2 1847 Jenny Lind 2-2-2 1847
France completes the railway line between Rouen and Le Havre. The locomotive "Sézanne" fitted with external cylinders, devised by Hallete, enters service. Switzerland inaugurates its first railway line, connecting Zurich with Basilea. Denmark inaugurates its first railway line, connecting Copenhagen with Roskilde.
1848 Fire Queen 0-4-0 1848
Spain inaugurates its first railway line, connecting Barcelona with Mataró; this line is operated with materials imported from England.
1850 26 4-2-0 1850
Polonceau builds the first locomotives for the railway line between Paris and Orleans.
1851 Comet 4-4-0T 1851 Folkstone 4-2-0 1851
Peru inaugurates its first railway line, connecting Callao with Lima. Spain inaugurates its second railway line, connecting Madrid with Aranjuez. First connection between a train and a ferry boat, in the Firth of Forth, between Scotland and England. Russia inaugurates the railway line connecting Saint Petersbourg with Moscow.
Chile inaugurates its first railway line, connecting Caldera with Copiapó.
1853 Pearson 4-2-4T 1853
India inaugurates its first railway line for passenger service, connecting Bombay with Thane.
1854 Hayes 4-6-0 1854
Brazil inaugurates its first railway line, connecting Mauá with Fragoso. The workshops Ansaldo di Sampierdarena build the first locomotives of Italian manufacture. Austria inaugurates the first mountain railway in the world, connecting Villach, Lubiana, Graz and Vienna. Egypt inaugurates its first railway line, connecting Alexandria with Kafr el-Zayyat. Australia inaugurates its first railway line, connecting Melbourne with Sandridge.
1855 General 4-4-0 1855
Inauguration of the New York Central Great Western, a suspension bridge with a span of 256 meters and a height of 76 meters, which connects United States with Canada upon Niagara Falls.
Portugal inaugurates its first railway line, connecting Lisbon with Cintra. Sweden inaugurates its first steam-operated railway line, connecting Nora, Ervalla and Orebro. The railway is used for military purposes for the first time: transportation of troops in occasion of the Crimean War.
1857 Shannon 0-4-0T 1857
Argentina inaugurates its first railway line, connecting El Parque with La Floresta.
George M. Pullman starts to build in United States the luxury cars which are named after him.
1859 Connor Single 2-2-2 1859 Problem 2-2-2 1859 Undine 2-4-0 1859 Y 2-4-0 1859
The first sleeping car built by Pullman travels from Bloomington to Chicago. In the very year of his decease, Robert Stephenson delivers a luxury train to the viceroy of Egypt. French engineer Henri Giffard devises an injector which renders unnecessary the utilization of pumps.
1860 118 2-4-0 1860
In this year the abundant investments in the North American railways had taken 28000 acres of land east of the Mississippi. South Africa inaugurates its first railway line, connecting Durban with Harbour Point. Australia inaugurates the railway line between Sidney and Parramatta.
The railway in United States reaches its maturity with the constitution of the companies Union Pacific and Central Pacific. Swiss engineer Niklaus Riggenbach patents the system known as "rack railway" and obtains the authorization for a line in the Gotthard Pass.
1863 Prince 0-4-0 1863
During the American Civil War, 25000 "yankee" soldiers are transported by 30 convoys, covering a distance of 930 kilometers in twelve days. The first dining car enters service in the railway line connecting Philadelphia with Baltimore. London inaugurates the first subterranean railway line in the world, operating with steam engines whose smoke would become a health problem. Locomotive with armored wagon used during the American Civil War
French engineer Alfred Belpaire introduces the firebox of square section.
1865 Talyllyn 0-4-2T 1865
1866 Consolidation 2-8-0 1866 158A 2-4-0 1866 A 4-4-0T 1866
The first operational rack railway, devised by North American engineer Sylvester Marsh, is inaugurated in the slopes of Mount Washington. Locomotive of the London subterranean railway, 1866
1867 America 4-4-0 1867
Scottish engineer Scott Russell establishes a service of railway ferry boats in Lake Constance, Switzerland.
After seven years of merciless work carried by military veterans as well as Irish and Chinese immigrants, the Union Pacific and Central Pacific railway lines are linked by a golden spike in Promontory Point, Utah. Argentina inaugurates the railway line connecting Córdoba with Tucumán. First railway lines in Uruguay. Scottish engineer Robert F. Fairlie builds the first articulated locomotive named after him, in which the driving wheels are installed in pivoting bogies; sometimes, these articulated locomotives would be built with a symmetrical design to facilitate the driving in both directions. Romania inaugurates its first railway line, connecting Bucharest with Giurgiu. Locomotive attacked by North American natives
1870 Stirling 4-2-2 1870
New York inaugurates its first subterranean railway line, which operates with pneumatically powered cylindrical cars devised by Alfred Ely Beach. Niklaus Riggenbach builds the first operational rack railway in Europe, in the slopes of Mount Rigi, in Switzerland. Pneumatic transit system inaugurated in New York, 1870
North American inventor George Westinghouse perfects the automatic air-compressed brake. New York inaugurates the first elevated railway line in the world, which operates with steam trains. Nagelmackers signs his first international contract for the transportation of passengers in the Indian Mail. Excavation of the first Trans-Alpine tunnel in the Mont-Cenis Pass.
1872 901 2-4-0 1872 Terrier 0-6-0T 1872
Japan inaugurates its first railway line, connecting Tokyo with Yokohama.
1873 Coal Engine 0-6-0 1873 Europa 2-4-0 1873 Hardwicke Precedent 2-4-0 1873
Mexico inaugurates its first railway line, connecting Mexico City with Veracruz. First railway line in Bolivia, with traction power provided by mules.
1874 1001 0-6-0 1874 Beattie 2-4-0T 1874 F 4-4-0 1874 Loch 2-4-0T 1874
1875 A 0-4-0T 1875
1876 121 2-4-2 1876
Creation of the Compagnie Internationale des Wagons-Lits (Sleeping Car Company) or CIWL. China inaugurates its first railway line, connecting Shangai with Wusung.
1877 408 4-6-0 1877 L'outrance 4-4-0 1877 G3 0-6-0 1877
1878 Snowdon Ranger 0-6-4T 1878
By adapting an old steam ship, a regular ferry boat line for trains is established on a route of 15 miles between New York and Cape Charles, in Maryland.
1879 Halesworth 2-4-0T 1879 Merddin Emrys 0-4-4-0T 1879 Sir Haydn 0-4-2T 1879
German engineer Werner von Siemens effectuates the first demonstration of electric locomotion during the Industrial Exposition of Berlin. Siemens electric train, 1879
1880 1F 0-6-0T 1880 DVI 0-4-0T 1880 7100 2-6-0 1880
North American inventor Frank Julian Sprague builds an electrified railway line for a mining gallery, for the purpose of preventing the health problems caused by steam engines in underground facilities. In France a laundry company starts to use electric trains to gather the sheets from the fields in which they are whitened (because steam engines release soot).
1881 Ella 0-6-0T 1881 G 2-2-2 1881
A ferry boat capable of carrying four trains enters service on a route of 145 kilometers between San Francisco and Sacramento, in California. First Pullman car fitted with electric lighting in England. The Brighton Belle, completely fitted with Pullman cars, enters service as the first luxury train in Europe. First restaurant wagon in the Blue Coast line. Berlin inaugurates the first tramcar railway line, which operates with tramcars built by Werner von Siemens; the rails supply electric energy to the motors through the wheels.
1882 C-16 2-8-0 1882 Gladstone 0-4-2 1882 Skye Bogie 4-4-0 1882 Wee Bogie 4-4-0 1882
Inauguration of the Gotthard railway line in Switzerland, which involved the perforation of spiral tunnels beneath the Saint-Gotthard masif.
1883 The Judge 1883 Dean Goods 0-6-0 1883 Y14 0-6-0 1883
New York inaugurates a tramcar railway line which supplies electric energy through a third rail and wheel. The viaduct of Tarbes (73.65 meters), built by Gustave Eiffel, is opened to traffic. Inauguration of the Rome-Express, which connects Calais and Paris with Rome. Vienna inaugurates the first tramcar railway line which supplies electric energy through overhead lines of bipolar type. Inauguration of the Orient Express, the first international railway line of great importance. French locomotive, 1883
1884 1800 0-6-0T 1884 B 4-4-0 1884
European countries establish an international railroad gauge, whose value is a tolerance term between 1435 and 1445 millimeters; however Russia, Spain and Ireland do not adhere to this standard. Swiss engineer Anatole Mallet builds for the Biarritz railway his first articulated locomotive; he uses a "compound" design in which the fore part is supported by an articulated bogie whose wheels are actuated by low-pressure cylinders, whereas the main driving wheels are actuated by high-pressure cylinders.
1885 1463 2-4-0 1885 Heavy L 4-6-0 1885 Y 2-6-0 1885
Canada inaugurates its transcontinental railway line connecting Quebec with Vancouver. Inauguration of the Garabit railway viaduct built by French architect Gustave Eiffel; this structure entirely made of iron reaches a height of 122 meters above the Truyère River.
1886 123 4-2-2 1886
Alfred George de Glehn builds the first four-cylinder "compound" locomotive for the Nord Railway.
1887 25 4-2-2 1887
Inauguration of the Sud-Express railway line connecting Paris, Madrid and Lisbon.
1888 Rover 4-2-2 1888 Sir Theodore 0-4-2 1888 B 0-4-0T 1888
Richmond inaugurates the first tramcar railway line which supplies electric energy through overhead lines and a trolley pole system patented by Frank Julian Sprague.
1889 1008 2-4-2T 1889 Elidir 0-4-0T 1889
Inauguration of the Moctezuma Special railway line, a luxury train connecting New Orleans with Mexico City. Inauguration of the iron bridge of 1500 meters in length which connects Poughkeepsie with Highland upon the Hudson River, in New York.
1890 Electric Bo 1890 2120 0-6-2T 1890
London inaugurates the first electrified subterranean railway line. The advent of electric locomotion allows the construction of subterranean railway lines at higher depths.
1891 O2 0-4-4T 1891
The first locomotive of the Manitou and Pike's Peak Railway reaches the summit of the Pikes Peak mountain in Colorado, after climbing slopes with an average gradient of 16 degrees. The Nord Railway puts into service the innovative locomotives designed by Du Bousquet and Glehn. Russia starts the works for the Trans-Siberian railway line. Rack locomotive of the Manitou and Pike's Peak Railway, 1891
1892 D13 4-4-0 1892 Achilles 4-2-2 1892
1893 999 4-4-0 1893 Jones Goods 4-6-0 1893 M 4-4-0 1893 T3 4-4-0 1893 860 2-4-2T 1893
Inauguration of the 20th Century Limited railway line connecting New York with Chicago, during the Universal Exposition of Chicago. German engineer Rudolph Diesel builds the first engine which is named after him.
1894 T26 2-4-0 1894
A labor strike in the Pullman workshops causes several deaths. A maritime line operated by powerful ferry boats, which displace about 1000 tonnes, renders possible for the first time to transfer trains across Lake Michigan; the route of 56 miles is covered in five or six hours.
1895 D16 4-4-0 1895
The State of Maryland establishes an electrified railway line which runs through the Baltimore Tunnel, in Chesapeake Bay; the locomotive weighes 96 tonnes and is propelled by four 360-horsepower motors which take electric energy through a third wheel.
1896 1027 4-4-2 1896 Casey Jones 4-6-0 1896 Dunalastair 4-4-0 1896
One of the first movies exhibited by the Lumière brothers shows a PLM locomotive while entering a station.
1897 G5 4-8-0 1897 28 0-6-2T 1897 Badminton 4-4-0 1897 M7 0-4-4T 1897 Taw 2-6-2T 1897 P3 4-4-2 1897 T15 0-6-4-0T 1897 6200 4-4-0 1897 9700 2-8-2 1897 Na 2-6-2 1897
The North American company Phoenix builds a steam-powered locomotive adapted for snowy and icy conditions. Ethiopia starts the construction of a railway line connecting Addis Abeba with Djibouti, but only a minor part of the route would be completed. Locomotive for snowy terrains manufactured by Phoenix, 1897
1898 Lyn 2-4-2T 1898 Grosse C 4-4-0 1898
Diesel engines are presented with great success in the Engine Exposition of Munich, which leads to the creation of the General Society for Diesel Engines. The Republic of the Congo inaugurates its first railway line, connecting Matadi with Leopoldville.
1899 Drummonds Bug 4-2-4T 1899 Highflyer 4-4-2 1899 T-9 4-4-0 1899 PB-15 4-6-0 1899
1900 13 4-2-2 1900 2600 2-6-0 1900 Castle 4-6-0 1900 Claud Hamilton 4-4-0 1900 De Glehn Atlantic 4-4-2 1900 XV 4-4-2 1900
Italy inaugurates the first electrified railway line of long distance (106 kilometers), connecting Lecco with Sondrio, in which electric energy is supplied through overhead cables.
1901 737 4-4-0 1901 D 4-4-0 1901 AEG 1901
The Croydon Corporation introduces the first fully operational electric tramcar services in the Greater London area, using electric energy supplied through overhead cables.
1902 E2 4-4-2 1902 P-69 4-6-2 1902 C1 4-4-2 1902 Decapod 0-10-0 1902 Deeley Compound 4-4-0 1902 6400 4-4-0 1902
Italy inaugurates an electrified railway line of 60 kilometers connecting Milan with Varese, but this time electric energy is supplied through a third rail and wheel.
1903 900 2-10-2 1903 Frenchmen 4-4-2 1903 Jersey Lily 4-4-2 1903 The Countess 0-6-0T 1903 V 4-4-2 1903 4500 0-4-4-0T 1903
The London County Council Tramways opens its first electrified tramcar railway line, connecting Westminster Bridge with Tooting, and sells 3.3 million tickets in its third year of business, five times the traffic carried by its horse tramcars. Tramcar of the London County Council Tramways, circa 1900
1904 DD-1 0-6-6-0 1904 H-20 2-8-0 1904 W 2-8-2 1904 Belpaire 4-4-0 1904 City 4-4-0 1904 County 4-4-0 1904 J B Earle 2-6-4T 1904
The North Eastern Railway of London puts into service a Class ES1 electric locomotive of "steeplecab" design, which can take electric energy through either overhead lines or an electrified third rail. Italian manufacturer Ansaldo builds for the Adriatic railway new locomotives fitted with Zara bogies, whose axles can move sideways relative to the frame to facilitate cornering. Russia inaugurates the Trans-Siberian railway line, the longest one in the world, which connects Moscow with Vladivostok. Class ES1 electric locomotive of the North Eastern Railway, 1904
1905 28XX 2-8-0 1905 Experiment 4-6-0 1905 L 4-4-0 1905
The locomotive M 7002 of the Pennsylvania Railroad, while towing the Broadway Limited, reaches a speed of 205 kilometers per hour (not homologated).
1906 EP-1 Bo-Bo 1906 S 1-Do-1 1906 45XX 2-6-2T 1906 Cardean 4-6-0 1906 4500 4-6-2 1906 P8 4-6-0 1906
Inauguration of the Simplon Tunnel, the longest one in the world, which connects Italy with Switzerland. Presentation in the International Exposition of Milan of the Fiat-Diatto railcar, a new type of railroad vehicle in which the engine, the driving cabin and the passenger department occupy the same car.
1907 Saint 4-6-0 1907 Star 4-6-0 1907 640 2-6-0 1907 A2 4-6-0 1907
British engineer Herbert W. Garratt patents his system for articulated locomotives; the chassis is divided into three parts, with the fore part supporting a water tank, the central part supporting the steam engine and the rear part supporting the tender.
1908 8H 0-8-4T 1908 The Great Bear 4-6-2 1908 S3-6 4-6-2 1908 E550 O-E-O 1908 1070 4-4-2T 1908
1909 1301 4-4-6-2 1909 H4 4-6-2 1909 Thundersley 4-4-2T 1909 23IC-K 4-6-2 1909 K 0-4-0+0-4-0 1909
Inauguration of the Fades railway viaduct, a steel bridge supported by huge piers made of quarried granite, which reaches a height of 132 meters above the valley of the Sioule River.
1910 George the Fifth 4-4-0 1910
Inauguration of the Argentine Transandino Railway, a mountain railway partly using the Abt rack system, which connects Los Andes in Chile with Mendoza in Argentina. Inauguration of the Bernina electrified mountain railway line, which connects Saint Moritz in Switzerland with Tirano in Italy, reaching a higher altitude than that of any other adhesion (non rack) railway line in Europe. Fairlie locomotive used in the Mexican railways, 1910
1911 8K 2-8-0 1911 9N 4-6-2T 1911 Prince of Wales 4-6-0 1911 Z 4-4-2 1911 8800 4-6-0 1911 9020 2-4-4-0 1911
1912 B12 4-6-0 1912 D15 4-4-0 1912 G8 0-8-0 1912 T18 4-6-4T 1912
The first operational Diesel locomotive enters service in Germany.
1913 60-3 Shay B-B-B 1913 Forney 2-4-4T 1913 Glen Douglas 4-4-0 1913 S 4-4-0 1913 Sir Gilbert Claughton 4-6-0 1913 9600 2-8-0 1913
1914 K4 4-6-2 1914 Triplex 2-8-8-8-2 1914 6760 4-4-0 1914 8620 2-6-0 1914
General mobilization in the European railways for transporting massive amounts of troops in occasion of the First World War.
1915 LS 0-6-0 1915 River 4-6-0 1915
1916 10 4-6-0 1916
The Baldwin Company builds a gigantic Mallet locomotive (2-8-8-8-4, six cylinders and 75500 kilograms of traction power) for the Virginia Railroad. Italian engineer Arturo Caprotti patents his flap valve system for steam engines; it is more expensive and complex than piston valve systems but it substantially improves performance.
1917 L 2-10-2 1917
With a single stretch of 548.60 meters, the bridge crossing the San Lorenzo River is opened to railway traffic. Inauguration of the first stretch of the Trans-Australian railway line, connecting Port Augusta with Kalgoorlie.
The armistice of the First World War between the Allies and Germany is signed inside a dining car reallocated outside its regular route, in the forest of Compiégne.
1919 EP-2 1-Bo-Do-Do-Bo-1 1919 Light Mikado 2-8-2 1919 Light Pacific 4-6-2 1919 47XX 2-8-0 1919 2290 0-10-0 1919 C51 4-6-2 1919
The French railway workers achieve an eight-hour workday. The Simplon Orient Express luxury train effectuates its first sortie; this new line which goes through the Simplon Tunnel was created as an alternative to the original Orient Express. Foundation of the Deutsche Reichsbahn.
1920 Butler Henderson 4-4-0 1920 Gordon Highlander 4-4-0 1920 H 4-4-4T 1920 Sherlock Holmes Bo-Bo 1920 Crocodile 1-C-C-1 1920
1921 G2 0-8-0 1921 H16 4-6-2T 1921 N1 4-6-4T 1921 Q6 0-8-0 1921 Stephenson 4-6-4T 1921 GE6-6 C-C 1921
1922 13 2-Co-2 1922 Baltic 4-6-4T 1922 City of Newcastle 4-6-2 1922
Inauguration of the Calais Mediterranean Express luxury train, generally known as "Le Train Bleu".
1923 4300 4-8-2 1923 A3 4-6-2 1923 Eryri 1923 Owain Glyndwr 2-6-2T 1923 Super Pacific 4-6-2 1923 97 0-10-0T 1923 99 0-10-0T 1923 D50 2-8-2 1923
1924 3 0-6-0T 1924 4F 0-6-0 1924 Castle 4-6-0 1924 241A 4-8-2 1924 01 4-6-2 1924
John Ford finishes his ambitious film "The Iron Horse", an epic vision about the construction of the first transcontinental railroad, which had united the West and the East of the United States in 1869.
1925 P1 2-8-2 1925 U1 2-8-0+0-8-2 1925 44 2-10-0 1925
The first panoramic car fitted with wireless telegraphy enters service in the Pioneer Limited railway with destination Milwaukee. The first Diesel locomotive for large express trains (one of 1200 horsepower) enters service in Germany.
1926 A5 4-8-4 1926 PS-4 4-6-2 1926 6P-5F 2-6-0 1926 King Arthur 4-6-0 1926 Lord Nelson 4-6-0 1926 7000 1-Do-1 1926 ED41 1926 B18 4-6-2 1926
Inauguration of the "Fleche d'Or" railway line, which connects Paris with London, to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the Compagnie Internationale des Wagons-Lits. French engineer André Chapelon perfects Kylala's system and creates the Kylchap exhaust system, which improves the performance of a steam engine.
1927 President 4-6-2 1927 4P 2-6-0+0-6-2 1927 D49-1 4-6-0 1927 King George V 4-6-0 1927 King Henry VIII 4-6-0 1927 Royal Scot 4-6-0 1927 5500 2-Do-2 1927 24 2-6-0 1927
Premiere of the film "The General" by Buster Keaton, who bought 50 kilometers of tracks, six locomotives and twenty cars for its realization.
1928 D12 4-6-6 1928 B17-4 4-6-0 1928 Hall 4-6-0 1928 River IRT 0-8-2 1928 Southern Maid 4-6-2 1928 U 2-6-0 1928 64 2-6-2T 1928 C53 4-6-2 1928 S 4-6-2 1928
Inauguration of the Rheingold railway, which connects Amsterdam with Basilea. Inauguration of the Edelweiss railway, which connects Amsterdam with Lucerne.
1929 V1-a 2-Do-1+1-Do-2 1929 5700 0-6-0PT 1929 A3 4-6-2 1929 Experimental 4-6-4 1929 Z 0-8-0T 1929 3500 4-6-2 1929 V3201 2-C-2 1929
Introduction of the LX sleeping cars, the most luxurious ones in the world, decorated by René Prou. The French company Michelin presents an innovative railcar whose wheels are fitted with rubber tires, like those of an automobile; however, this vehicle would be unsuccessful in the market. Egypt inaugurates the Sunshine Express luxury train, connecting Alexandria, Cairo and Asswan.
1930 R2-a 2-8-2 1930 Patriot 4-6-0 1930 Schools 4-4-0 1930 V1 2-6-2T 1930 Von Kruckenburg 1930
Canada inaugurates The Dominion, a passenger train which covers a route of 4650 kilometers connecting the Atlantic with the Pacific in 87 hours. An experimental railcar propelled by an aircraft engine and propeller is introduced in Germany; this revolutionary vehicle is capable of reaching a speed of 230 kilometers per hour, but the project would be eventually abandoned due to the inherent shortcomings of the design.
The first air-conditioned Pullman car enters service in the Washington-New York line. The Soviet Union inaugurates the Turkestan-Siberia railway (Turksib), connecting Alma-Ata with Novosibirsk.
1932 Flying Hamburger 1932 IS 2-8-4 1932 SU 2-6-2 1932 C12 2-6-2T 1932
Inauguration of the Sydney Harbor Bridge, a stretch of 503 meters above the waters which includes an electrified railway line.
1933 5 2-B-2 1933
1934 GG1 2-Co+Co-2 1934 M-10000 3-car 1934 Pioneer Zephyr 3-car 1934 4P 2-6-4T 1934 5 4-6-0 1934 5XP 4-6-0 1934 7200 2-8-2T 1934 AEC B-B 1934 P2 2-8-2 1934
Inauguration of the Apennine Base Tunnel (18519 meters) and its associated electrified railway line, which greatly improve the railway communications between Bologna and Florence.
1935 A 4-4-2 1935 Andes 2-8-0 1935 8P 4-6-2 1935 A4 4-6-2 1935 Turbomotive 4-6-2 1935 05 4-6-4 1935 E18 1-Do-1 1935 KF 4-8-4 1935
A Borsig streamlined steam locomotive beats the speed record for steam locomotives, when reaching 191.7 kilometers per hour in the route between Berlin and Hamburg. The Diesel-electric train "Flying Hamburger" beats the speed record for Diesel-electric trains, when reaching 214 kilometers per hour in the route between Berlin and Hamburg. Class J1 locomotive of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, 1935
1936 S-7 0-10-2 1936 U4-a 4-8-4 1936 231-132BT 4-6-2+2-6-4 1936 8F 2-8-0 1936 Green Arrow 2-6-2 1936 45 2-10-2 1936 D51 2-8-2 1936
Inauguration of the Night Ferry, a direct sleeping-car service between Paris and London.
1937 J3a 4-6-4 1937 Coronation 4-6-2 1937 C57 4-6-2 1937
In England a streamlined steam locomotive is inaugurated in honor of the coronation of King George VI; this train can cover the route between London and Edinburg in six hours. The French company PLM builds two prototypes of streamlined Diesel-electric trains which have a weight of 230 tonnes, a length of 33 meters and a power output of 4400 horsepower. The Italian company Fiat introduces the railcar "Littorina", which achieves great success in Europe and North America.
1938 E-4 4-6-4 1938 H1-d 4-6-4 1938 Duke Dog 4-4-0 1938 Manor 4-6-0 1938 O 4-6-2 1938 C 4-6-0 1938
The locomotive "Mallard" built by Nigel Gresley achieves a speed record for steam locomotives (not yet broken) when reaching 203 kilometers per hour. Nationalization of the French railway and creation of the Société Nationale des Chemins de fer Français (SNCF). Construction of the "Blue Streamliner", which is regarded as "the best Soviet locomotive ever"; fitted with two cylinders and driving wheels of large diameter in three axles, she is capable of reaching a speed of 180 kilometers per hour. Soviet locomotive Blue Streamliner, 1938
The color film "Union Pacific" by Cecil B. de Mille narrates the epic enterprise of the North American transcontinental railway. General mobilization in the European railways for transporting massive amounts of troops and vehicles in occasion of the Second World War. South Africa inaugurates the Blue Train, a luxury train service between Pretoria and Cape Town. Class T1b Selkirk locomotive of the Canadian Pacific, 1939
1940 S-1 Bo-Bo 1940 Princess Coronation 4-6-2 1940 160-A-1 2-12-0 1940 232R 4-6-4 1940 240P 4-8-0 1940 E94 Co-Co 1940
The Paris-Orléans Company introduces a 4-8-0 locomotive designed by André Chapelon; despite her modest dimensions (a length of 20 meters and a weight of 110 tonnes) this locomotive develops a power equivalent to more than two thirds of that produced by the North American counterpart "Big Boy", achieving an efficiency which would be never matched by another steam locomotive.
1941 Big Boy 4-8-8-4 1941 FT Bo-Bo 1941 GS-4 4-8-4 1941 J 4-8-4 1941 CC 1 Co-Co 1941 Merchant Navy 4-6-2 1941 V4 2-6-2 1941 H 4-8-4 1941
The American Locomotive Company builds the first units of the powerful 4-8-8-4 locomotive "Big Boy", which has four cylinders and a service weight of 410 tonnes. North American locomotive Big Boy, 1941
1942 Challenger 4-6-6-4 1942 H-8 2-6-6-6 1942 T1 4-4-4-4 1942 B1 4-6-0 1942 Q1 0-6-0 1942 141P 2-8-2 1942 42 2-10-0 1942
The Pennsylvania Railroad puts into service the powerful 4-4-4-4 "Duplex-Drive" Class T1 locomotives, fitted with four cylinders and driving wheels of large diameter in four axles; this is a controversial decision, for these machines are complex and expensive to maintain. Spanish engineer Alejandro Goicoechea designs the system known as TALGO, which allows the construction of particularly lightweight, stable and articulated trains, being one of the most decisive improvements in modern railway technology. Class T1 locomotive of the Pennsylvania Railroad, 1942
1943 Gordon Austerity 2-10-0 1943 Royal Scot 4-6-0 1943 520 4-8-4 1943 C38 4-6-2 1943
1944 2900 4-8-4 1944
1945 Niagara 4-8-4 1945 County_4-6-0_1945 West Country 4-6-2 1945 141R 2-8-2 1945
1946 2251 0-6-0 1946 Battle of Britain 4-6-2 1946 242A1 4-8-4 1946
1947 9400 0-6-0T 1947 10000 Co-Co 1947
1948 A1 4-6-2 1948 A2 4-6-2 1948 C62 4-6-4 1948 E10 2-8-4T 1948
1949 E8 A1A-A1A 1949 K1 2-6-0 1949 The Leader 0-6-6-0T 1949
The first TALGO train is tested in United States.
1950 R 4-6-4 1950
1951 GP7 Bo-Bo 1951 4 2-6-4T 1951 5MT 4-6-0 1951 10100 2-D-2 1951 Britannia 4-6-2 1951 Clan 4-6-2 1951
1952 4 2-6-0 1952 DEJ4 0-6-0 1952 7121 Co-Co 1952 99-77 2-10-2T 1952 AD 60 4-8-4+4-8-4 1952
1953 UP Bo-Bo-Bo-Bo 1953 V200 B-B 1953
The "Settebello", a streamlined electric train capable of reaching a speed of 150 kilometers per hour, starts service in the railway line which connects Rome with Milan, covering the stretch of 632 kilometers in six hours. Italian electric train Settebello, 1953
1954 2MT 78022 2-6-0 1954 8P 4-6-2 1954 EM2 Co-Co 1954 BB 1200 Bo-Bo 1954 65 2-8-4T 1954 20 4-8-2+2-8-4 1954 X 2-Do-2 1954
The 4-8-2+2-8-4 Garratt articulated locomotives of the GMA/GMAM class enter service in the South African railways; with 120 exemplars produced, they would become the most numerous class of Garratt locomotives in the world. Beyer-Garratt locomotive of the South African railways, 1956
1955 FL9 Bo-A1A 1955 83 2-8-4T 1955 59 4-8-2+2-8-4 1955
Canadian Pacific Railway introduces, for its luxury transcontinental service, a streamlined Diesel-electric train made of stainless steel and fitted with glass domes in the lounges. Diesel-electric locomotive of the Canadian Pacific
1956 46 Co-Co 1956
The SNCF Class CC 65000 Diesel-electric locomotive of 112 tonnes and 1300 horsepower enters service in western France. French Class CC 65000 Diesel-electric locomotive
1958 40 1Co-Co1 1958 42 B-B 1958
1960 U25B Bo-Bo 1960 9F 2-10-0 1960
1961 Krauss-Maffei C-C 1961 Deltic Co-Co 1961 Western C-C 1961
1962 47 Co-Co 1962 E42 Bo-Bo 1962
1964 Shin-Kansen 1964
Inauguration of the Tokaido Shinkansen high-speed railway line which connects Tokyo with Osaka; the highly aerodynamic 0 Series electric train, capable of reaching a speed of 210 kilometers per hour, covers the stretch of 515 kilometers in four hours.
1965 E03 Co-Co 1965
1967 50 Co-Co 1967 73 Bo-Bo 1967
First demonstration of a fully-automated rapid railway system, effectuated during the World's Fair Exposition of Montreal. A gas turbine train developed by United Aircraft beats the speed record for gas turbine trains, when reaching 274.9 kilometers per hour in the route between Trenton and New Brunswick.
1968 381 9-car 1968 581 12-car 1968 EF81 Bo-Bo-Bo 1968 Dj Bo-Bo-Bo 1968
1969 DD40AX Do-Do 1969 Railcar Bo-Bo 1969
1971 BB15000 B-B 1971
1972 SD40-2 Co-Co 1972 TGV001 5-car 1972 Dx_Co-Co_1972
Inauguration of the Sanyo Shinkansen high-speed railway line which connects Osaka with Okayama; the 0 Series electric train covers the route at an average speed of 180 kilometers per hour.
1973 E60C Co-Co 1973 151 Co-Co 1973 ET403 4-car 1973
A gas turbine hover train hits a speed record when reaching 411.5 kilometers per hour at the High Speed Ground Test Center located in Colorado, United States.
1975 87 Bo-Bo 1975
1976 56 Co-Co 1976
1977 F40 PH Bo-Bo 1977 142 Co-Co 1977
1979 120 Bo-Bo 1979
An experimental magnetic levitation train hits a speed record when reaching 517 kilometers per hour at the Maglev Test Track located in Miyazaki, Japan.
1980 AEM-7 Bo-Bo 1980 HST 253 1980
1981 MPA-27a Bo-Bo 1981 370 1981
Inauguration of the TGV (High Speed Train) railway line which connects Paris with Lyon; the Sud-Est electric train, capable of reaching a speed of 270 kilometers per hour, covers the stretch of 420 kilometers in less than two hours.
1982 SD-50 Co-Co 1982
1983 Tip Top 1983 GF6C Co-Co 1983
1986 59 Co-Co 1986
1987 89 Co-Co 1987