:: HMS CAVALIER (1944) ::

HMS Cavalier destroyer (1944) High resolution picture

The HMS Cavalier was a British destroyer launched in 1944, belonging to the group CA of the C class. The destroyers of this class, distributed in four groups of eight ships each, fulfilled an important role in the last years of the Second World War. The groups CH, CO and CR had improved fire control director and remote control for the main armament. Those of the group CA were the last survivors in the Royal Navy, for they remained for long time in the reserve. The destroyers of the C class were actually too small to carry an adequate antiaircraft armament and a modern radar equipment, and because of this the subsequent British destroyers were considerably larger.

The illustration shows the HMS Cavalier as she was in 1972, when she was decommissioned; note the Seacat antiaircraft missile launcher, the Squid antisubmarine mortar and the remodeled superstructure astern. This ship is currently preserved as museum ship.

Class: C (32 units including: Caesar, Cambrian, Caprice, Carron, Carysfort, Cassandra, Cavalier and Cavendish (Group CA); Chaplet, Charity, Chequers, Cheviot, Chevron, Chieftain, Childers and Chivalrous (Group CH); Cockade, Comet, Comus, Concord, Consort, Constance, Contest and Cossack (Group CO); Creole, Crescent, Crispin, Cromwell, Crown, Croziers, Crusader and Crystal (Group CR))

Type: Destroyer

Length: 110.6 meters

Beam: 10.9 meters

Draught: 5.2 meters

Displacement (standard): 2083 tonnes

Propulsion: 2 x shaft, 2 x steam turbine Parsons, 2 x boiler Admiralty, 40000 horsepower

Speed: 36 knots (66.7 kilometers/hour)

Range: 3930 nautical miles (7276 kilometers) at 20 knots

Fuel: 625 tonnes of petrol

Complement: 186

Armament (as built): 4 x 114-millimeter 45-caliber cannon, 4 x 40-millimeter cannon, 3 x 20-millimeter cannon, 8 x 533-millimeter torpedo tube, 96 x depth charge (two racks and four throwers)

Armament (in 1972): 3 x 114-millimeter 45-caliber cannon, 2 x 40-millimeter cannon, 1 x quadruple Seacat surface-to-air missile launcher, 2 x triple Squid antisubmarine mortar

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