:: HAMBURG CLASS (1960-1963) ::

Hamburg class destroyer (1960-1963) High resolution picture

Unlike which had happened during the interwar period, after the disaster of the Second World War the (West/Federal) German Navy had to be totally rebuilt. Initially light vessels were preferred but soon the requirements demanded larger vessels. The first (relatively) large units were the frigates of the Köln class but soon, after the Federal Navy were allowed to exceed the limit of 3048 tonnes imposed by the Allies after the war, the path was opened for a new class of destroyers: the four ships of the Hamburg class. These ships had a bulky superstructure and a rather low freeboard, with the main artillery turrets placed close to the ends of the hull.

The destroyers of the Hamburg class were designed for operating in the Baltic Sea, where seaworthiness was less important than speed, maneuverability and a powerful antiaircraft armament. They could transport mines which would constitute an extremely useful armament in the agitated Baltic Sea. The lack of onboard helicopters was justified by the presence of aerial bases in the Baltic coast, which would cover every probable operative area. The most important weakness of the initial design was the lack of armament which could neutralize the largest warships; because of this the cannon turret in X position was replaced by two twin launchers of Exocet surface-to-surface missiles.

Hamburg class: 4 units - Bayern (D-183), Hessen (D-184), Hamburg (D-181), Schleswig-Holstein (D-182)

Type: Destroyer

Length: 134 meters

Beam: 13.4 meters

Draught: 5.2 meters

Displacement (standard): 3393 tonnes

Propulsion: 2 x shaft, 2 x steam turbine Wahodag, 4 x boiler Wahodag, 68000 horsepower

Speed: 35 knots (64.8 kilometers/hour)

Range: 773 nautical miles (1431 kilometers) at 35 knots

Fuel: 684.8 tonnes of petrol

Complement: 282

Armament (as built): 4 x 100-millimeter cannon, 8 x 40-millimeter cannon, 2 x Bofors TT-2 antisubmarine rocket launcher, 5 x 533-millimeter torpedo tube, 90 x Mk 17 mine

Armament (in 1977): 3 x 100-millimeter cannon, 8 x 40-millimeter cannon, 2 x twin Exocet MM38 surface-to-surface missile launcher, 2 x Bofors TT-2 antisubmarine rocket launcher, 2 x 305-millimeter torpedo tube, 90 x Mk 17 mine

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