:: KIEV (1972) ::

Kiev aircraft carrier missile cruiser (1972) High resolution picture

Kiev aircraft carrier missile cruiser (1972) High resolution picture

The ships of the Kiev class consisted of four aircraft carrier missile cruisers equipped with weapons for multiple purposes (antiship, antisubmarine and antiaircraft/missile) including missiles, cannons and charges, which rendered these ships as highly versatile and self-sufficient combat units. When the Kiev appeared for the first time in the Black Sea in August 1976 something totally new was revealed to the western observers. She was not only an aircraft carrier, albeit restricted to V/STOL aircraft and helicopters, but also a powerful warship extraordinarily armed.

In the dotation of fixed-wing aircraft and helicopters usually four types were carried, with a typical configuration of twelve Yakovlev Yak-38 "Forger-A" VTOL fighters, one Yak-38U "Forger-B" two-seat trainer, sixteen ASW (Anti Submarine Warfare) helicopters (usually Kamov Ka-25 "Hormone-A") and three targetting helicopters (usually Ka-25T "Hormone-B"). The Ka-25 were sometimes replaced by the newer Ka-27 "Helix". Finally, no AEW (Airborne Early Warning) aircraft was carried.

Class: Kiev (4 units - Baku, Kiev, Minsk, Novorossiysk)

Type: Aircraft carrier missile cruiser

Length: 273 meters

Beam: 53 meters

Draught: 10 meters

Displacement (standard): 30530 tonnes

Propulsion: 4 x shaft, 4 x steam turbine, 8 x boiler, 140000 horsepower

Speed: 32 knots (59 kilometers/hour)

Range: 13500 nautical miles (25000 kilometers) at 18 knots

Complement: 1612 mariners and officers, 430 for air group

Armament: 8 x SS-N-12 surface-to-surface missile launcher, 2 x twin SA-N-3 surface-to-air missile launcher, 2 x twin SA-N-4 surface-to-air missile launcher, 2 x twin 76-millimeter dual-purpose cannon, 8 x AK-630 close-in weapon system 30-millimeter cannon, 1 x twin SUW-N-1 antisubmarine missile launcher, 2 x RBU-6000 antisubmarine mortar, 2 x pentuple 533-millimeter torpedo launcher

Aircraft: 12 x Yak-38 VTOL fighter, 1 x Yak-38U training aircraft, 16 x Ka-25 antisubmarine helicopter, 3 x Ka-25T targetting helicopter

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