:: RMS MAURETANIA (1906) ::

RMS Mauretania Trans-Atlantic passenger liner (1906) High resolution picture

In 1899 an oceanic passenger liner larger than the SS Great Eastern was built. She was the second RMS Oceanic, which had a length of 214.6 meters, a beam of 20.83 meters, a draugth of 14.93 meters, a gross register tonnage of 17040 tonnes and a displacement of 28500 tonnes. At this point the general public did not fear large ships and given that they trusted the machines to a certain degree, they no longer carried sails.

In 1904 it was started the construction of even larger passenger liners: the twin ships RMS Mauretania and RMS Lusitania. The first one was a fortunate passenger liner, but the latter was sunk by a German submarine on May 1915, a disgraced event that caused the death of about 1200 people. Launched in 1906, the RMS Mauretania entered service the following year. She and her twin were the first passenger liners equipped with steam turbines (at this point you may remember that the HMS Dreadnought, first battleship propelled by steam turbines, had been in construction simultaneously).

The RMS Mauretania had 240 meters in length and seven decks amidships, being her hull subdivided by fifteen bulkheads and 175 watertight compartments. She had accommodation for 560 passengers in first class, 475 in second class and 1300 in third class. With a total power of 70000 horsepower on four shafts she could reach a speed of 27.4 knots, being able to win the Blue Riband of Trans-Atlantic crossing to the German steamship SS Kaiser Wilhelm II. But the true deed was that the RMS Mauretania held the Blue Riband during 22 years, until the SS Bremen returned it to Germany during her maiden voyage in 1929.

During a refit in 1921 the RMS Mauretania had her boilers reconverted to burn Diesel instead of coal and her promenade deck was enclosed, as it was in ocean liners of more recent construction. The Diesel boilers reduced consumption about 25 percent but during the 1920s the performance of the RMS Mauretania regarding speed was not as good as it had been, and after the Great Depression her popularity as a fast ocean liner had declined to a large extent. Consequently she was reallocated as a cruise ship on the route New York-Halifax, being painted in white in 1933. When Cunard Line merged with White Star Line in 1934 the RMS Mauretania, along with other ageing ocean liners, were deemed surplus to requirements and hence withdrawn from service. She was finally scrapped between 1935 and 1937, in Scotland.

Class: 2 units (Lusitania, Mauretania)

Type: Oceanic passenger liner

Length: 240.80 meters

Beam: 26.82 meters

Height: About 60 meters from keel to funnels' top

Draught: 11.02 meters

Displacement: 44767 tonnes

Tonnage (gross register): 31938 tonnes

Propulsion: 4 x shaft, 4 x steam turbine Parsons, 25 x boiler, 70000 horsepower

Speed (service): 24 knots (44.4 kilometers/hour)

Range: N/A

Complement: 812

Passengers: 2335

Cargo: N/A

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